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Saint Andrew. Feast Day 30 November; The Greek Orthodox Church and Her Saints


Saint Andrew by El Greco
Saint Andrew by El Greco

Saint Andrew's day is celebrated world wide, on the thirtieth of November.

 Andrew, the Patron Saint of Greece, Russia, Ukraine and Scotland,

was a fisherman and brother of Saint Peter, the first disciple of Jesus,

and was in born in Bethsaida, on the Sea of Galilee.


Jesus calling St.Andrew and St,Peter.
Jesus calling St.Andrew and St,Peter.


Saint Andrew was first a disciple of Saint John, whom he later left, to follow Jesus.

After the crucifixion of Jesus, Saint Andrew was also crucified, by the Romans, in Patras, Greece.


Crucifixion of St.Andrew.
Crucifixion of St.Andrew.

Andrew didn't think himself  worthy of being martyred on the same type of cross as Jesus, and asked to be tied to a cross in the shape of an X.

From this X-shaped cross comes the flag of Scotland, The Saltire, the oldest flag of any country.


The Saltire, flag of Scotland
The Saltire, flag of Scotland

Just how did Saint Andrew come to be associated with Scotland, and become its Patron Saint?

A fourth century monk, Saint Rugulus, was told, in a dream, to take relics of Saint Andrew to the ends of the earth for safe-keeping, and so, he took a kneecap, an upper arm bone, three fingers and a tooth, and set sail for the ends of the Earth, but was shipwrecked off the coast of Fife, Scotland, where the relics remained in Saint Andrew's Cathedral, until the cathedral was destroyed during the Protestant Reformation.


St.Andrew's Cathedral, Fife, Scotland
St.Andrew's Cathedral, Fife, Scotland

The cross of Burgundy also has its origins in the X-shaped cross of Saint Andrew, and was used in the fifteenth century as an emblem by the Dukes of Burgundy, Spanish monarchs continued to use the Burgundy cross on their own arms, even after losing their Burgundy territory.


Today it is still part of some Spanish military insignia and is part of the coat of arms of the king of Spain.



The Cross of Burgundy
The Cross of Burgundy

Relics of Saint Andrew are kept in the Church Of Saint Andrew in Patras, Greece,

the older church, found a short distance from the new one, is built on the site, where Saint 

Andrew was crucified.


St.Andrew's church, Patras, Greece
St.Andrew's church, Patras, Greece

The Church of Saint Andrew in Patras, is the largest church in the Balkans, with a capacity
 to hold up to five and a half thousand people, thousands of Christians, from all over the world, travel to Patras to see the relics, which are a little finger, part of the skull and small pieces of the cross.


Relics of St.Andrew, Patras
Relics of St.Andrew, Patras


Relics of St.Andrew, Patras
Relics of St.Andrew, Patras

Add captRelics of St.Andrew, Patras, ion
Relics of St.Andrew, Patras, 

Pieces of St Andrew's cross, Patras, Greece.
Pieces of St Andrew's cross, Patras, Greece.

The relics (pieces of the cross) had been taken, during the crusades, from Greece by The


 Duke Of Burgundy and were kept in the Church of Saint Victor in Marseilles, but

 were returned to Patras on  nineteenth of January 1980.

Another significant church dedicated to Saint Andrew is The Church Of Saint Andrew in 
Kiev, Ukraine.

There, Saint Andrew, was thought of as the first preacher of Christianity, who had traveled  up the Dneiper River until he came to the area which today is Ukraine, here he erected a cross on the site of today’s church of Saint Andrew, and stated, in that spot would be the foundations of a great Christian city.

The Church Of Saint Andrew in Kiev, Ukraine.
The Church Of Saint Andrew in Kiev, Ukraine

A beautiful statue of Saint Andrew is on  display in The Vatican City.


Statue of St.Andrew, The Vatican City.
Statue of St.Andrew, The Vatican City.

Our local St Andrew's, in Loutraki, built in 1345 by the Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos in commemoration of the persecution of St Andrew.


St Andrew's, in Loutraki
St Andrew's, in Loutraki

Find Saints galore on Amazon:



Find Saints galore on Amazon:
Saints galore at Amazon


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