If you liked it, why not share it? Thanks!

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Dionysia: Sex, Drugs and Rock and Roll, the Original Greek Carnival.

Greek Carnival Let the good times roll.
Greek Carnival
Let the good times roll.

Happy days are here again, it’s Greek Carnival, a whole three weeks of it, when Greeks go all out, for the last time, (Don't believe the last time bit, this is Greece!) before the sober forty days of Lent.

Masquerade parties, parades and merriment, I won’t go into all that, as I have told you all about it before, here.

Ancient Greek Masks
Ancient Greek Masks

Greek Carnival, “Apokries” (without meat), takes in twenty two days and three Sundays.

 The first Sunday is the prodigal son, the second Sunday; Carnival minor and the third Sunday; Carnival major.

The first week of Greek Carnival begins with the opening of the “Triodion Book”; The Three Holy Sacraments, the liturgical book used by the Greek Orthodox Church, explaining the details for the fasting period before Easter, and for the weeks leading up to the fast.

The second week is “Kreatini” week; you are allowed to eat as much meat as you like, all day and every day, if the fancy takes you, even on the traditional fast days of Wednesday and Friday.

Bear with me, we're nearly at week three!

Thursday, of the second week is “Tsiknopempti”, Smokey Thursday, the official start to the celebrations, the first masquerade parties take place, tavernas and restaurants are overflowing, and the dish of the day is meat, grilled, barbecued or roasted, the smokey air is enough to make your mouth water.(And your eyes!)

Tsiknopempti" Smokey Thursday All the meat you can eat
"Tsiknopempti" Smokey Thursday
All the meat you can eat.
The Sunday after smokey Thursday, is meat Sunday, no more meat allowed now until Easter Sunday.

The third week of Greek Carnival is “Tirini”, cheese week, or white week, as only dairy, fish and eggs, are allowed, ends on Cheese Sunday.

Fromage Forte Photo by David Lebovitz
Fromage Forte
Photo by David Lebovitz
An old wives tail, states women should not wash their hair during cheese week, or they will go white!

Cheese Sunday is also the day of the great carnival, the last day before lent begins.

No church weddings are allowed after Cheese Sunday, until after Easter, it’s not advised to get hitched on this day, as it will result in an unhappy marriage.

Guess what?

I was married on this day, still going strong after thirty seven years, it’s been happy, mostly!

Greek Carnival Still celebrating Dionysus, God of wine.
Greek Carnival
Still celebrating Dionysus, God of wine.
“Kathara Deftera”, clean Monday, the first day of Lent (Sarakosti), a Bank Holiday in Greece, and the beginning of spring, families eat out, or take picnics to the countryside and fly kites, the “Koulouma”.

 I don’t know the significance of this kite-flying, I looked and looked and found a myriad of different explanations, so, it seems nobody else knows either.

Koulouma. Flying kites on Clean Monday.  Painting by Notis Xanthi
Flying kites on Clean Monday.
 Painting by Notis Xanthi
Clean Monday, so called, as to make a clean start, means eating the traditional Clean Monday fare; shellfish, octopus, beans, “Taramosalata”( Fish-roe dip), unleavened bread;”Lagana”, and “Halva” (Semolina pudding).

That’s it now, until Easter Sunday, no meat, no poultry, no fish, no dairy, no oil.

Maybe it’s just as well; you need to lose those five kilos you put on through gorging over the previous three weeks!

Clean Monday offerings
Clean Monday offerings
More or less all you can eat now, until Easter Sunday.
My family doesn’t fast, well MGG (My Greek God) pretends to, and if my mother-in-law is within earshot, he definitely fasts!

Have you got all that?

I don’t blame you if you haven’t, I’ve been in Greece for forty years, and it still confuses me.

The Greek Orthodox Church, rather try to play down the shenanigans of Greek Carnival, all this bawdiness is not seemly, so, just where did Greek Carnival originate?

As with many Christian celebrations, Saint Valentine's Day is just one example, Greek Carnival was an ancient pagan celebration, the heathens may have allowed themselves to become Christians, but no way were they about to give up their festivities.

The priests of the day, unable to persuade the newly-converted to forego their jollies, simply changed the name, and dedicated the celebration, to some other Christian occasion.

In this way, “The Dionysia”, became “Apokries”, Greek Carnival.

Dedication to Bacchus (Dionysus) Sir lawrence Alma Tadema
Dedication to Bacchus (Dionysus)
Sir lawrence Alma Tadema 
“The Dionysia”, also known as “The Great Dionysia”, “The Dionysia Mysteries”, or “City Dionysia”, were festivals, dating back to the fifth century BC, dedicated to Dionysus (Latin-Bacchus), God of wine, theater, fertility and ecstasy.

Dionysus in Bacchus  by Caravaggio
Dionysus in Bacchus
by Caravaggio 
“The Dionysia” were held in the spring, after the last stages of the fermentation of wine, just after the winter solstice.

It was a celebration of rebirth, of the earth awakening after winter, the first leaves appearing on the vine.

“The Dionysia”, the most important Athenian  Festival of the year, were celebrated all over Greece; the main attraction though, was Athens.

 Thousands of people made their way to the big city, for this six-day event, six days of  "Let it all hang out", literally, six days of wine, women and song, a reenactment of wild parties, thrown all those years ago.

Back in the day, Dionysus, with the looks any Greek God would have been proud of, had his cult of followers, who eagerly awaited this yearly blow out, which is exactly what it was.

Frans van den Wyngaerde (Flemish, 1614-1679)   The Dream of Silenus, etching, with touches of engraving,
Frans van den Wyngaerde (Flemish, 1614-1679)
 The Dream of Silenus, etching, with touches of engraving,
The females, “Maenads” (The word comes from the Greek maenades, meaning mad or demented) wild, drunk women, dressed as Ariadne, wife of Dionysus, with animal skins draped over their shoulders, carrying a “Thyrus”, a rod topped with a pine cone, and his male devotees, satyrs, men with goat-like features, in a permanent state of arousal, gathered together in the woods, for what can only be dubbed as a rave party!

The Honourable John Maler Collier OBE RP ROI (27 January 1850 – 11 April 1934) “Maenads”
The Honourable John Maler Collier OBE RP ROI (27 January 1850 – 11 April 1934)
The copious amounts of wine knocked back, trance-inducing music, strange herbs ingested, and wild singing and dancing; all produced a state of complete abandon, a total lack of inhibition.

Auguste Leroux
Auguste Leroux

 Baby, this was the original sex, drugs and rock and roll!

Well, they do say the Greeks invented everything!

The six day “Dionysia”, later, in the fifth century, was no less eagerly awaited.

 On the first day; a huge wooden statue of Dionysus was borne aloft, through the inebriated crowds, to the theater of Dionysus, at the foot of the Acropolis, escorted by men dressed as satyrs, disguised by masks, the women following, wildly dancing, heads thrown back in ecstasy.

Here at the theater, a contest was held, three playwrights were to submit three tragedies and one satire (comedy), three days were allotted, one for each playwright, the judges being one from each of the ten political tribes of Athens.

Present-day remains of the Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus, Athens
Present-day remains of the Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus, Athens

This contest was rather like a “Greece has got talent”, reality show of today, and produced some of the most famous playwrights of ancient Greece:

 Aeschylus,The Oresteia, Persians. Seven against Thebes. Suppliants. Prometheus Bound.

  Sophocles, Antigone, Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Electra.

  Euripides Ten Plays.

and Aristophanes  Lysistrata, Clouds, Wasps, Birds, all took part.

I can certainly understand why early Christian priests were not enamored with these pagan shenanigans, and replaced it with Greek carnival.

  Unless I’ve been missing out on something, the description of the “Dionysia”, reminds me more of the less reputable holiday resorts of the Greek islands, where, according to foreign tourists, anything goes, rather than the Greek Carnival!

More Mystical Myths

Prometheus, Pandora's Box and Why, in Greek Mythology, Woman Was the Catastrophe of Humanity

30 Great Greeks, Ancient and Modern.

We are all Greek
We are all Greek

The history of the Greeks goes way, way back, back to the time of the ancients, thousands of years, thousands of Great Greeks, how do you choose only thirty of them?
 The esteemed Greek philosophers alone cover more than thirty.

The Greeks Who Made Us Who We Are, gave us civilization, they were the father’s of democracy, mathematics, history, healing and much more, and they’re still at it, taking the world by storm.

It was a formidable task, choosing only thirty, but here is my list of great Greeks.
As the Olympian Gods were treated equally, they count as one, as with the wise, old philosophers, Is any one of them, better than the others?
  In no particular order.

The Ancients

1.  The Greek Gods and Goddesses.

Mount Olympus, where it all began.
Mount Olympus, where it all began.
Here’s where it all started, atop Mount Olympus, home of the twelve Greek Olympian Gods;
Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite,
 Hephaestus, Hermes, Hestia. (Or Dionysus).

Ancient Greeks worshipped the twelve Gods equally, and were terrified, that if they angered the gods, or caused them jealousy, through favouring one over another, they would be punished, and so, all twelve Gods had separate temples dedicated to them.

Many of these sacred temples, stood the test of time, and can still be seen, dotted all around Greece.

By the way, do you have The blue blood of the Greek Gods ?

2. Greek Philosophers

Wise Old Greeks Left to right- Plato, Aristotle, Socrates
Wise Old Greeks
Left to right- Plato, Aristotle, Socrates
Inspirational” quotes, which we hear and read today (Facebook loves them!) can all, in some way, be traced back to the wise words of Greek Philosophers.

 It's all been said before;

The Greeks said it first!

Here’s a trick to remember who came before whom, with the most famous three, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, just remember the word Spa; Socrates taught Plato, Plato taught Aristotle!

3. Homer

Homer is the name given by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of The Iliad  and The Odyssey, two epic poems which are the central works of Greek literature.

 There are many accounts of Homer's life, the most popular being that he was a blind, strolling minstrel from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey. 

4. Herodotos

Herodotus "Father of History"
"Father of History"

Herodotus was a Greek historian, widely referred to as "The Father of History", born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (c. 484–c. 425 BC).

Homer is thought to have only ever had a one hit wonder, but what a wonder: The Histories , a record of his inquisitiveness over the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars, which includes geographical and ethnographical information.

 Some of his stories were fanciful and others inaccurate; but, he states, he was reporting only what he was told.

 The goings on though, noted down in Herodotos’ “The Histories", have been confirmed by historians and archaeologists.

My attention was first brought to this book, while watching one of my top ten films, “The English Patient”, Ralph Fiennes read this book, the whole way through the film!

5. Aesop

Aesop, teller of tales.
Aesop, teller of tales.

620 – 564 BCE

Aesop was an Ancient Greek story teller, who had a number of fables attributed to him, sadly, none of which survive, most of us surely remember The Classic Aesop's Fables .

What wonderful tales they are, never without a moral to them, which help teach children about the consequences of their actions.

 Philostratus (A teacher in ancient Greece) describes a painting of Aesop surrounded by the animals of his fables. (None of these images have survived) and, according to Philostratus;

The Fables are gathering about Aesop, being fond of him because he devotes himself to them. For... he checks greed and rebukes insolence and deceit, and in this some entire animal is his mouthpiece — a lion or a fox or a horse... and not even the tortoise is dumb — that through them children may learn the business of life.”

The first printed version of Aesop's Fables in English was published on March 26, 1484, by William Caxton, many others, followed over the centuries.

In 2002 a translation by Laura Gibbs titled “Aesop's Fables” was published by Oxford World's Classics, including 359 fables, and has selections from all the major Greek and Latin sources.


6. Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC

Alexander the Great, a pupil of Aristotle, by the age of thirty had created the largest Empire in the ancient world, he was never defeated in battle, and was one of the greatest military commanders the world has ever known.

7. King Leonides of Sparta

King Leonides and his Spartans "Come and get them!"
King Leonides and his Spartans
"Come and get them!"

Died 11 August 480 BC

In August 480 BC, Leonidas led his men out of Sparta, to meet the mighty Persian army, where in great Greek style, with only three hundred men, against thousands, the Spartans showed what they were made of; This is Greece This is Sparta

 Not to be daunted, the Spartans, when ordered by the Persians to lay down their weapons, replied, with the famous words “Come and get them”, and proceeded to defeat the Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae.

8. Cleopatra

Queen Cleopatra of Egypt Greek through and through
Queen Cleopatra of Egypt
Greek through and through
Reign 51 – 12 August 30 BC (21 years)

Have I confused you?

The Egyptian queen, Cleopatra, may have been born in Egypt, but, she was Greek through and through.

 Her family originated from Macedonian Greece, and Ptolemy I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals.

 Ptolemy ruled Egypt after Alexander’s death in 323 B.C., and launched a dynasty of Greek-speaking rulers that lasted for nearly three centuries.

The Arts

9. Maria Callas

Maria Callas Diva
Maria Callas
December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977

Maria Callas, one of the best known opera singers of the 20th century, also known for her passionate love affair with Aristotle Onassis, which is said to have carried on even after he married Jackie Kennedy.

10. Melina Mercouri

Melina Mercouri Greek Passion
Melina Mercouri
Greek Passion
18 October 1920 – 6 March 1994

Passionate (Well she was Greek!), Greek actress (The Film “Never on a Sunday” to name but one), singer and Politician, right up until her death, she never stopped trying to have the Parthenon Marbles, stolen by Lord Elgin, and now residing in The British Museum,  returned to their rightful place; Greece.

11. Irene Pappas

Irene Pappa Greek Beauty
Irene Pappa
Greek Beauty
3 September 1926

Another wonderful Greek actress, a strong-minded, Greek woman, known for her parts in the ancient Greek comedies and tragedies, she has given many excellent performances at the ancient theatre of Epidaurus.

12. Aristotelis "Telly" Savalas ; Kojak

Telly Savalas Kojak
Telly Savalas
January 21, 1922 – January 22, 1994)

Although Telly Savalas has had parts in some great films;

 Battle of the Bulge (1965), The Dirty Dozen (1967), The Scalp hunters (1968), On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969), Kelly's Heroes (1970)Pretty Maids All in a Row (1971), Inside Out (1975), and Escape to Athena (1979),

 he’s best known in the seventies for his role as Kojak, the lollipop-sucking detective, with his catch phrase’ “Who loves you baby”, with his side kick, Stavros, who, in real life, happened to be his brother.

13. Nana Mouskouri 

Nana Mouskouri Timeless
Nana Mouskouri
October 13, 1934 (age 82)

Nana Mouskouri, an international singer, is one of the best selling artists in the world, with more than 200 best-selling albums, in over ten languages, to her name.

Nana came to fame with her song ‘’The White Rose of Athens” in 1969, her first record to sell over a million copies.

14. Mikis Theodorakis

Mikis Theodorakis Composer
Mikis Theodorakis
29 July 1925
 Mikis Theodorakis, a songwriter and composer who has written over 1000 songs.
 He is most famous for the music for the films Zorba the Greek (1964), (1969), and Serpico (1973), and is Greece's best-known living composer.

15. Nikos Kazantzakis

Nikos Kazantzakis Creator of Zorba the Greek
Nikos Kazantzakis
Creator of Zorba the Greek
18 February 1883 – 26 October 1957)

 Well-loved Greek author, with works including Zorba the Greek,1946,, Christ Recrucified 1948, Captain Michalis 1950, translated 'Freedom or Death), and The Last Temptation of Christ, 1955.

 He also wrote plays, travel books, memoirs and philosophical essays such as The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises.

16. Zorba the Greek

Zorba the Greek They couldn't have picked a better actor than Anthony Quinn!
Zorba the Greek
They couldn't have picked a better actor than Anthony Quinn!
The character from the above Nikos Kazantzakis, how could I leave him out?
Zorba the Greek  is known and loved all over the world, a larger than life persona, who lives life to the full.

This is also the only book I have read, from beginning to end, in Greek!

17. Elia Kazan

Elia Kazan Legendary Film Director
Elia Kazan
Legendary Film Director
Born Elias Kazantzoglou, September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003. Istanbul, Turkey.

 A Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New York Times as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history".

Elia Kazan’s iconic films include; A Streetcar Named Desire, East of Eden, On the Waterfront, and America America.

18. El Greco

El Greco No, not Spanish, Greek.
El Greco
No, not Spanish, Greek.
1541 – 7 April 1614

Born Doménikos Theotokópoulos, El Greco was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.

Doménikos Theotokópoulos was nicknamed  "El Greco" ("The Greek") owing to his Greek origin.

Born in Chania, Crete, El Greco, after studying art in Crete, moved to Europe, as did most artists of his time, first to Italy, and later to Spain, where he lived until his death.

19. Demis Roussos

Demis Roussos Kefi (Greek enthusiasm) in a Kaftan
Demis Roussos
Kefi (Greek enthusiasm) in a Kaftan
15 June 1946 – 25 January 2015

A Greek singer who had international hit records as a solo performer in the 1970s, after having been a member of Aphrodite's Child, a progressive Greek rock group that also included Vangelis (Evangelos Papathanassiou).

Remembered, not only for his international hits, such as “For Ever and Ever”,  "My Friend the Wind", "Lovely Lady of Arcadia", and his first UK hit in 1975,  "Happy to Be on an Island in the Sun", Demis Roussos was also remembered for his kaftans and rather large figure.

20. Vangelis Papathanassiou

Vangelis Electronic music wizard
Electronic music wizard
29 March 1943, known professionally as Vangelis.

Vangelis is a composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, and orchestral music.

 He is best known for his Academy Award-winning score for the film Chariots of Fire, composing scores for the films Blade Runner, Missing, Antarctica, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, and Alexander.

21. Vassilis Tsitsanis

Vassilis Tsitsanis King of Rebetiko
Vassilis Tsitsanis
King of Rebetiko
18 January 1915 – 18 January 1984

Vassilis Tsitsanis was a Greek songwriter and bouzouki player.

 Tsitsanis was a leading Greek composer of his time who is regarded as one of the founders of modern REBETIKO and Laiko music.

 Tsitsanis wrote more than 500 songs and is still remembered as an extraordinary composer and bouzouki player.

In 1938, he moved to Thessaloniki, served his military time, and stayed there throughout the German occupation, keeping up the Greek moral, with his ever popular songs.

There, in Thessaloniki, Tsitsanis opened an ouzeri, married and wrote many of his best songs, which were recorded after the end of the War.

 By the time the Germans had shut down the record company’s occupation in 1941, he had already recorded about 100 of his own songs and played on many recordings of other composers.

 Heroes and Patriots

22. Manolis Gletzos & Apostolis Santas

Gletzos & Santas Against Fascism
Gletzos & Santas
Against Fascism
In May 30, 1941, Apostolos Santas, nineteen, and Manolis Glezos, eighteen, tore down a Nazi flag, erected on the Acropolis, Athens, during the German occupation of Greece in World War II.

 The Gestapo declared that the two young Greeks would be executed if caught, but their identities remained a secret until after the war.

It was one of the first resistance acts that inspired Greeks, to resist against the occupation, and established both Santas and Gletzos as anti-Nazi heroes.

23. The Brave and courageous men of Crete

Courageous Cretans
Courageous Cretans
I was about to say, “The brave men of Crete who helped Sir Patrick Michael Leigh Fermor”, (11 February 1915 – 10 June 2011, a British author, and soldier who played a prominent role behind the lines in the Cretan resistance during the Second World War), but I rather think it was the other way round, the Cretans helped Fermor.

The Cretan resistance was a movement against the occupying forces of Nazi Germany and Italy by the residents of Crete during World War II.

 Part of the larger Greek Resistance, it lasted from May 20, 1941, when the Germans  invaded the island in the Battle of Crete, until the autumn of 1945 when they surrendered to the British.

 For the first time during World War II, German forces faced resistance from the local population.

 Cretan civilians shot down paratroopers or attacked them with knives, axes, scythes, even with bare hands.

 As a result, many casualties were inflicted upon the invading German paratroopers during the battle.

24. Tsoliades, Evzones

Tsoliades Great Greeks in skirts
Great Greeks in skirts
The Evzones, or Evzoni, is the name of several historical elite light infantry and mountain units of the Greek Army.

Today, it refers to the Presidential Guard.

At the time of the Balkan Wars, there were eight Evzone battalions.
 They stood out for their fighting spirit, and the terrible casualties they suffered, especially among officers.

 Subsequently the Evzone units were increased to five regiments, which fought with distinction as elite shock troops in the First World War, the Asia Minor Campaign and the Greco-Italian War.

25. Greek Women

Greek women Never cross them!
Greek women
Never cross them!
During the many wars Greece has endured; The Balkan wars, The War of Independence, WWI, and WII, and then the Greek Civil War, Greek women kept the home fires burning, kept the family together, despite the everyday hardships they faced.

In many cases, they fought the enemy, along with their men.

Greek women are truly a force to be reckoned with; Greek women roar !

Business Moguls

26. Aristotle “Ari” Onassis

Ari Onassis The Greek Tycoon
Ari Onassis
The Greek Tycoon
20 January 1906 – 15 March 1975

Ari Onassis was a Greek shipping magnate, with the world's largest privately owned shipping fleet and one of the world's richest and most famous men.

 He was known for his business know-how, his wealth and his personal life, including his marriage to Athina Mary Livanos, daughter of shipping tycoon Stavros G. Livanos, his affair with opera singer Maria Callas and his marriage in 1968 to Jacqueline Kennedy, the widow of late American President John F. Kennedy.

Onassis was born in Smyrna, but fled, with his family, to Greece in 1922 during the Greco-Turkish War.

 He moved to Argentina in 1923, where he set himself up himself as a tobacco trader and later, during the Second World War, a ship owner.

 Onassis was the founder of Olympic Airways in 1957.

27.Stavros Niarchos

Stavros Niarchos Multi-Billionaire
Stavros Niarchos
3 July 1909 – 16 April 1996

Stavros Niarchos was a multi-billionaire Greek shipping tycoon, who, after 1952 had the the world's biggest supertankers built for his fleet.

 Set in motion by the Suez Crisis and an increasing demand for oil, he and his rival Aristotle Onassis became giants in global petroleum shipping.

Niarchos married five times, two of his wives were daughters of shipping magnate Stavros G. Livanos; Eugenia Livanos in 1947, and Athina Livanos Onassis, his third wife Eugenia's sister and first wife of his rival, Onassis, in 1971.

Both sisters died from overdoses, Eugenia in 1970, and Athina in 1974.

28. Stelios Haji-Ioannou

Stelios Haji-Ioannnou Easy Money
Stelios Haji-Ioannnou
Easy Money
Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou, born in Athens, Greece, 14 February 1967, is a British entrepreneur of Greek origin.

He comes from a wealthy ship owning family, and is known for easyJet, a low-cost airline and the Stelmar shipping line, which he established with funds of £30 million, provided by his father.

 easyJet, founded in 1995 marked the beginning of a series of ventures marketed under the "easy" brand, managed by easyGroup and run by Stelios Haji-Ioannou .


29. Georgios Papanikolaou

Georgios Papanikolaou Saved countless lives
Georgios Papanikolaou
Saved countless lives
13 May 1883 – 19 February 1962

Georgios Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection, and inventor of the "Pap smear".

He discovered that uterine cancer could be diagnosed by means of a vaginal smear in 1928, but the significance of his work was not recognized until the publication, (with Herbert Frederick Traut) of “Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear” in 1943.

He became known for his invention of the Papanikolaou test; the Pap smear or Pap test, which is used worldwide for the detection and prevention of cervical cancer.

Papanikolaou received the Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research in 1950.
Papanikolaou's portrait appeared on the Greek 10,000 drachma banknote of 1995–2001.
In 1978 his work was honored by the U.S. Postal Service with a 13-cent stamp for early cancer detection.

30. Spiros Louis

Spiros Louis Ran Like the Wind
Spiros Louis
Ran Like the Wind
12 January 1873 – 26 March 1940

Spiros Louis, a water-carrier, shot to fame, and became a national hero, after winning the first modern-day Olympic marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics.

The Marathon consisted of thirteen athletes from Greece and four from other nations.
 During the marathon, Spiros made a stop at an inn for a glass of wine, while there, he declared he would overtake all contestants before the end, and win.
Such was his confidence!

Back In the stadium, the spectators were on tenterhooks, the atmosphere was tense, and as word spread that it was a Greek in front, the cry "Hellene, Hellene!" was shouted out by thousands.

 When Louiswas the first to arrive, the stadium went into an uproar, two Greek princes; Crown Prince Constantine and Prince George, ran to meet him and accompanied him on his final lap for a finishing time of 2:58:50.

It is said the king offered Louis any gift his heart desired, all good old  Louis could think of was a donkey-drawn carriage to help him in his water-carrying business.
In 1926, Louis was arrested on charges of falsifying military documents and was sent to prison

After spending more than a year in jail, he was found not guilty, and was acquitted, I suspect there must have been quite a to do about that!

His last public appearance came in 1936, when he was invited to be a guest of honour at the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in Berlin.

. After bearing the flag of the Greek team during the opening ceremonies, he was received by Adolf Hitler and offered him an olive branch from Olympia, the birthplace of the Olympic Games, as a symbol of peace.

Four years before he died, Louis recalled the moments after his victory:

 "That hour was something unimaginable and it still appears to me in my memory like a dream … Twigs and flowers were raining down on me. Everybody was calling out my name and throwing their hats in the air"


These are my top thirty Great Greeks, what do you think, who have I missed?
I’m sure, as soon as I publish this post, I shall think of more, I can feel a “Part two” coming on, be warned!